The word ‘cumin’ is derived from the Latin cuminum from the Greek word ‘kiminon’. Cumin is known by many names in many languages, including ku ming (Chinese), cumin (Hindi), cumino (Italian), comino (Spanish), cumin (French), cumoun (Arabic), and kreuzkumel (German). It is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum, which is also related to parsley.

Cumin is an annual herbaceous plant that grows to about 1–2 feet tall and has thin branched stems and lace-like flowers. Cumin is ready for harvesting after three to four months when the flowers mature into seeds and become dry and brittle. Generally people collect cumin by hand.

It was first grown in Iran and the Mediterranean region. Cumin was first mentioned 5,000 years ago as a mummification ingredient for the bodies of Egyptian pharaohs. Cumin was kept in its container on the dining table by the ancient Greeks. Since ancient times, people have believed that cumin originated in western Asia and has been cultivated since biblical times.

Today India and Iran are the world’s largest producers of cumin. Apart from this, Argentina, Morocco, Ukraine, Egypt, Lebanon, Malta, Mexico, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, Central America and Central Asia are known for the cultivation of cumin.

Each spice has a distinctive texture, aroma and distinctive enhancing properties that bring out the best in the ingredients and make a dish delicious. India, then known as the Spice Kingdom, has a long history of commerce and trade with the ancient civilizations of Rome and China for cumin. Due to its aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value, cumin is now one of the most sought after seeds in the world.

cumin nutrition facts

According to USDA100 grams of cumin will have the following nutritional properties:

  • Energy: 500 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 50 grams
  • Calcium: 1000 mg
  • Iron: 54mg
  • Protein: 0g
  • Total Lipid Fat: 0g

Potential Benefits of Cumin

  • It improves our memory.
  • Taking it with warm water on an empty stomach helps in weight loss.
  • It contains some essential antioxidants for the human body.
  • It has some anti-cancer properties.
  • It can help lower your cholesterol.
  • It can help with the symptoms of IBS, which is a very prevalent problem nowadays.
  • It aids in blood sugar control in diabetic patients.
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties, which are beneficial for you.
  • Cumin helps in eliminating parasites and germs.

health facilities of cumin

weight loss

Cumin can be beneficial for those trying to lose weight. A 2015 study involving overweight individuals compared the weight loss effects of cumin with a weight loss drug and a placebo. According to the study, the cumin and weight-loss drug groups lost significant weight after eight weeks. The participant’s insulin levels were also reduced in the cumin group.

Studies Please tell that female participants who want to lose weight, they should take 3 grams of cumin powder daily and take nutritious food. At the end of three months, all demonstrated improvements in triglycerides, BMI, and weight.

Best ways to use cumin for weight loss

cumin powder

Boil water in a bowl, add cumin powder to it and drink it after eating food.


Soak cumin seeds in water for five to six hours, then put the seeds in boiling water and heat them for some time. You can use lemon to improve the taste. It will help if you consume this drink on an empty stomach.

Cumin Powder and Yogurt

Mix cumin powder in curd and consume it after meals.

controls sugar level

By consuming cumin seeds regularly, you can reduce your blood sugar level. Cumin increases the production of insulin in the body, thereby keeping the blood glucose level under control. Studies There are suggestions that crude ethanol extract from cumin may be used as an alternative treatment for diabetes.


The above study of overweight and obese women showed that taking 3 grams of cumin powder daily reduced levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, or “bad” cholesterol, and triglycerides. Those who drank cumin powder also had higher HDL levels, or “good” cholesterol.

diabetes management

Cumin may aid in managing the symptoms and consequences of diabetes. For example, one study showed that eating cumin can help reduce urea in the blood. Urea is an organic molecule that can interfere with the way your body responds to insulin. In animal experiments, experts have demonstrated that cumin powder/seeds help reduce sugar levels. However, more research is still needed.

Improves digestive enzymatic activity

some studies have shown how cumin aids in various digestive disorders and digestive enzymatic activities. For example, cumin significantly reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) such as abdominal pain, bloating, and frequent and uncontrolled urination. In addition, people have long been using cumin as a traditional medicine for diarrhea.

Cumin fulfills the nutritional needs of the body

Cumin contains flavonoids, which act as antioxidants in the body. Antioxidants can help neutralize free radicals, also known as cytokinins, that cause cell damage. If it is not taken care of in the beginning, it can also lead to cancer.

Cumin is also an excellent source of:

A teaspoon of cumin will also provide some essential vitamins. For example, it contains vitamin A (2% of your RDA), vitamin C (1%), riboflavin, niacin and vitamin B6 (1% each). You’ll also get 1.5 grams of choline. In addition, calcium (56 mg), iron (4 mg), magnesium (22 mg), phosphorus (30 mg), potassium (107 mg), sodium (10 mg), and trace levels of zinc, copper and manganese goes. All are found in cumin.

seed preparation


About four months after sowing, the plants begin to wither, and the seeds change color from dark green to brownish-yellow. The entire plant is dug up and removed from the ground. The seed is small, boat-shaped, and has nine ridges in length.


Plants require partial sun drying as mechanized drying is used to improve product quality and reduce post-harvest losses.

Threshing and Winning Seed Spices

Cut the dried plants and remove the cumin seeds with sticks. Next, they dry the seeds to a 10% moisture level, laying them out on mats or trays in the sun or using a drier if conditions are too humid. A traditional winnowing basket is used to remove dirt, dust, leaves and twigs from dried seeds.


For grinding, they use various mechanisms for special purposes. Grinding is also a way to increase the value of a product. However, grinding spices is not recommended. Spices are more prone to spoilage after grinding. In addition, flavor and aroma components are volatile and will quickly disappear from ground objects. Cumin can be purchased in whole seed form or in powder form.


It has no loss of dust collector and ground powder to provide dust-free operation.

Packaging and storage of cumin

Store dried cumin powder in an airtight container away from direct sunlight. Powdered seeds need to be inspected regularly for signs of spoilage or moisture. If they have absorbed moisture they should be dried again at a moisture level of 10%.

possible side effects of cumin

stomach irritation

Cumin is known for its gas-relieving effects. However, they can cause heartburn, a relatively frequent digestive disease. However, this is because cumin helps to expel excess gas in the gastrointestinal tract, which leads to heartburn.

liver damage

Cumin oil is highly volatile and can potentially cause liver or kidney damage. Swallowing this seed in excess can also cause this disease. Therefore, it is advisable to limit ingestion to moderate amounts.

cumin is aphrodisiac

Cumin is known to have aphrodisiac properties; Therefore, one should use it with caution. Cumin side effects include mental cloudiness, fatigue and nausea, which can result from excessive consumption in the body.

sugar level

Cumin may have adverse effects if you have any surgery scheduled as you need to maintain your blood sugar levels. To control your blood sugar levels during and after surgery, your doctor may advise you to stop eating such seeds for two weeks before surgery.

Other side effects of cumin

Pregnant and lactating women and people with respiratory diseases or ulcers should use it with caution. It also conflicts with other medications, including antibiotics, antiseizure, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory treatments. Thus, a doctor must prescribe it to pregnant or lactating women if they wish to consume cumin.

Fun facts about cumin:

  • Cumin is a product of the dried seeds of the Cuminum simimuni plant.
  • Cumin is a major component of curry powder and chili powder.
  • People thought cumin kept chickens and lovers from running away in the Middle Ages!
  • Some claim that taking cumin seeds to a wedding will bring happiness.
  • In some countries, the tax was paid with cumin centuries ago.
  • Cumin is the second most popular spice in the world after black pepper.


Cumin is a major component of curry powder and mixed spice powder mixes. In addition, it is an additive in pickles and chutney mixtures. Cumin has a pungent aroma due to an alcohol called cumin. Cumin-based aromatic oil is also popular in curries, wine and cordial flavorings, and is popularly employed by the food industry. It has therapeutic features. Many Ayurvedic and veterinary remedies use it as a carminative, stomachic, astringent and antidiarrheal. Cumin can help with pitta, morning sickness, dyspepsia, atonic dyspepsia, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome and flatulence.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. 1 Is cumin and cumin the same?

A. Yes, cumin and cumin are the same spice. Jeera is the Hindi name for cumin.

Question 2 Why is cumin not good for you?

a. While cumin has some medicinal properties, it does have specific side effects. These effects include heartburn, liver damage, low sugar levels, and narcotic effects when taken in excess.

Q. 3 Is cumin the same as turmeric?

A. No, cumin is not the same as turmeric. Turmeric is a root that comes from a flowering plant, a part of the ginger family known as Curcuma longa, and this spice contains curcumin, which is often confused with cumin.

Question 4 Who should not take cumin?

A. Diabetic patients and patients with weak liver or kidney should not take cumin as it contains highly volatile oil which can cause failure of these organs. Also, lactating/pregnant women and people with respiratory illness should avoid taking cumin.

Q. 5 Does cumin help in weight loss?

A. Yes, cumin can help with weight loss; It cannot completely remove fat from your body but can help in weight loss.

Question 6 What flavor does cumin add to food?

a. Cumin gives instant depth to any meal by being rich and hearty, earthy and flavorful with a citrus touch. In recipes where you want to distribute the flavor more evenly, use ground cumin instead of whole cumin.

Q. 7 Which spice is closer to cumin?

a. Any spice that is part of the parsley family is close to cumin, as cumin is part of the parsley family. The taste may be similar to, for example, ground coriander, cumin, etc.

Q.8 How do you cook with cumin?

A. You can use it to stir-fry food, curries, soups, salads, chaats and other dishes. It’s ideal for a stir fry or using it at the end of soup. To use in curries, mix it with coriander powder or garam masala.

Q. 9 Can I drink cumin water everyday?

A yes. This is appropriate, and you are encouraged to drink cumin water daily, preferably in the morning, to effectively cleanse and hydrate your body.

Question 10 What is cumin water for weight loss?

A. Cumin is also called cumin. As you know by now that cumin helps in weight loss. You can mix it with warm water early in the morning and consume it as it is most effective. Studies compare the weight loss effects of cumin with those of a weight-loss drug. According to research, the cumin and weight-loss drug groups lost significantly more weight after eight weeks. It also helps in reducing insulin levels.

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