PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Disease is a hormonal condition that affects 5%-10% of women. This is very common during their reproductive age. 9% – 22% of women in India are suffering from the problem of PCOD. In our body, various hormones work in harmony to ensure the smooth functioning of all systems.
In the case of PCOD, the hormones of the woman get damaged. This leads to many problems like irregular menstruation, infertility, weight gain, acne etc. If left untreated, this disorder can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease and diabetes in women.
What is PCOD?
PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovarian Disease, which occurs due to hormonal imbalance. Ovulation is a phase in the menstrual cycle that is the release of an egg from a woman’s ovary. The ovaries also produce small numbers of androgens, which are male reproductive hormones. In PCOD, hormonal imbalance leads to excessive secretion of male hormones. This delays the periods and leads to the formation of cysts in the ovaries. This disorder can also lead to a complete lack of ovulation, which can lead to infertility in women.
Difference Between PCOD and PCOS
People often use the terms PCOD and PCOS interchangeably. Although they have similar symptoms, they are very different from each other.
- PCOD is a hormonal disorder that can be easily managed with some changes in diet and lifestyle. PCOD can be cured without medication and treatment.
- PCOS, on the other hand, is an endocrine problem. Women with PCOS produce higher than normal amounts of the male hormone androgen. It hinders the development and release of eggs.
- In PCOS, some eggs turn into cysts, which are small sacks filled with liquid. Cysts form in the ovaries and disrupt periods. They can also increase in size and completely block the ovaries. PCOS can lead to chronic health problems if not treated on time.
Due to PCOD
The exact cause of PCOD is still unknown. It is a hormonal disorder and many factors contribute to it. Some of the factors associated with PCOD are:
- high levels of inflammation
- high production of male hormones
- unhealthy lifestyle
- poor diet
- lack of proper nutrition
- excess insulin
Symptoms of PCOD
Many women do not even know that they are suffering from PCOD. It is very important to pay attention to these symptoms for early diagnosis of the problem.
1. Irregular Periods
This is the most common symptom of PCOD. Irregular or infrequent menstruation is the first sign of PCOD. Pay special attention to your monthly cycle to detect PCOD.
2. Excessive Facial and Body Hair
Hirsutism is the condition of excessive growth of hair on the face. In PCOD, the ovaries secrete large amounts of the male hormone androgen and this leads to excessive hair growth in women.
3. Mood Swings
PCOD causes irregular periods and hormonal imbalance in the body. This hormonal imbalance leads to sudden mood swings.
PCOD messes with hormones and results in various facial problems like acne. Excessive male hormones in the body cause acne. Some women suffer from severe cystic acne due to PCOD.
5. Sudden weight gain
In PCOD, the body produces high levels of insulin and male hormones. This leads to sudden weight gain in women. Fat accumulation in the lower abdomen is a common symptom in PCOD.
6. Oily Skin
Skin tightening also occurs due to hormonal imbalance. It produces excessive amount of sebum and causes acne.
7. Heavy Bleeding
Due to irregular menstruation, there is more formation of the uterine wall. This causes heavy bleeding during periods.
8. Thinning of hair
Most women with PCOD have thinning hair on their head. Some people lose their hair completely. This happens due to hormonal imbalance in the body.
Women with PCOD have a higher risk of developing diabetes due to higher insulin levels.
10. Darkening of the skin
Darkening of the skin around the neck or private part is a common symptom of PCOD.
Complications Due to PCOD
PCOD is a hormonal disorder and not a disease. However, early diagnosis can save you from later complications.
- infertility PCOD reduces the frequency of ovulation in women. It delays menstruation and causes menstrual problems. All this can lead to infertility problems when a woman tries to get pregnant.
- diabetes PCOD causes insulin resistance in the body. If PCOD is not treated on time, it can lead to diabetes.
- heart disease PCOD increases blood pressure. It can cause irregular heartbeat and other cardiac problems.
- endometrial cancer Endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus. PCOD delays ovulation, and this increases the chances of endometrial cancer.
- depression Many women become victims of depression during PCOD due to hormonal imbalance.
Treatment for PCOD
There is no specific medicine to treat PCOD. Certain changes in lifestyle and diet can help manage it. Some of the ways to manage the condition of PCOD are mentioned below:
- have a healthy diet
- Avoid sugar and carbohydrates
- eat more fiber foods
- eat lean protein foods
- exercise regularly
- be physically active
- eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables
- Avoid junk food and saturated fat
- Avoid foods that increase estrogen
- get at least 8 hours of sleep
- practice yoga
- keep yourself busy
- manage stress better
Essential Nutrition Required in PCOD
Nutrition and diet play a major role in curing any disorder. Include the following nutrients in your daily diet to get rid of PCOD naturally.
- Vitamin B6- It helps in maintaining hormone balance and is the key to control PCOD. Found in almonds, wild rice, milk, yogurt, eggs, Brussels sprouts, spinach and soybeans.
- Vitamins B2, B3, B5, and B6 – Especially useful for controlling weight. Yeast is found in red meat, milk, eggs, beans and green vegetables.
- Vitamin B5 It helps in controlling fat metabolism and helps in weight loss. Found in avocado, yogurt, eggs, meat and legumes.
- Vitamin B6 with B2 and B3 – Required for normal thyroid hormone production. Found in chicken, turkey, tuna, salmon, lentils, sunflower seeds, cottage cheese, brown rice and carrots.
PCOD and pregnancy
If your PCOD is under control, you can easily get pregnant. Women suffering from PCOS and PCOD conceive naturally until the problem becomes very serious. However, when planning your pregnancy keep in mind that people with PCOD have limited ability to ovulate. The number of healthy eggs is much lower than in other women who do not have PCOD.
Therefore, if you have PCOD, it is advisable to plan for an early pregnancy. Increasing age affects the quality of eggs and can lead to further complications in your case. Consult your gynecologist and plan accordingly.
PCOD is a growing disorder among women these days. Many young women suffer from this due to unhealthy lifestyle, constant stress, poor diet, lack of physical exercise. There is no specific treatment, but some lifestyle changes can help you manage it well. First you can diagnose PCOD for yourself alone. So, keep an eye on your menstrual cycle. If you notice irregular periods, sudden weight gain, facial hair or any other related symptoms, visit your gynecologist as soon as possible.
If you have been diagnosed with PCOD, don’t lose hope. It is treatable. Just focus on maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet rich in protein, keep yourself active and don’t stress. Stress is the biggest cause of hormonal imbalance in women. Don’t take stress and give your body all the care and nourishment it deserves.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. What are the best exercises for PCOD?
A. Losing weight is the key to cure PCOD. High-intensity interval training (HIIT), cardiovascular workouts, mind-body exercises, strength training and interval training are effective exercise options. You can also include brisk walking, running and yoga in your exercise routine for added benefits.
Q. What are the best foods for PCOD?
a. Include natural, unprocessed foods such as spinach, kale and other leafy vegetables in your diet. Foods rich in fiber such as broccoli, cauliflower, nuts, legumes, fish, whole grains and low-fat dairy are the best foods for PCOD. These foods are rich in iron, magnesium, protein and fiber. They can help cure PCOD naturally.
Q. What are the main symptoms of PCOD?
a. Irregular periods, facial hair, sudden weight gain, acne, oily skin, hair fall are some of the main symptoms of PCOD. You may not experience all symptoms because a person’s body type reacts differently to any given disorder.
Q. What is the diagnosis of PCOD?
A. There is no specific test to confirm PCOD. Your doctor will discuss your medical history and perform a physical exam to confirm the condition. They may then recommend a pelvic exam, blood tests to measure hormone levels, and an ultrasound to check the appearance of your ovaries and uterus.
Q. How to reduce PCOD at home?
A. Keep your body weight within a healthy range. It helps restore ovulation by keeping androgen and insulin levels under control. Exercise daily to keep your body weight under control. Take a balanced and healthy diet. Avoid eating junk food. Include iron, magnesium, protein, vitamins and fiber in your diet. avoid stress.