World Hepatitis Day is sponsored by the World Hepatitis Coalition (WHA) on 28 Julyth Every year to raise awareness about viral hepatitis. 28 Julyth It was the birthday of Dr Baruch Blumberg (1925–2011), who discovered the hepatitis B virus in 1967 and later developed the first hepatitis B vaccine. It is the officially mandated Global Public Health Day by the World Health Organization (WHO).

About 325 million people are living with hepatitis, and hepatitis B and C kill more than 1.1 million people each year. Every 30 seconds someone loses their life to a disease related to hepatitis. The mission of this campaign is to bring attention to one of the most deadly and neglected diseases. Also, with a call to action for decision-makers to prioritize the eradication of viral hepatitis by 2030.

The theme of this year’s campaign is “I Can’t Wait.” It highlights the importance of testing and treatment for those who need it, as well as accelerating efforts to eradicate viral hepatitis. In many cases, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent or reduce the chance of serious complications.

What is hepatitis and how many types are there?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis virus. Viral hepatitis can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). there are different viruses that cause hepatitis Including hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. While some of the symptoms are similar, they differ in how they are transmitted and treated.

Hepatitis A and E

It is usually spread through contact with contaminated food or water that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Hep E can also come from eating undercooked pork, venison, or shellfish. These viruses usually cause short-term infections the body is able to fight off and the virus goes away but can become chronic.

Hepatitis B, C, and D

It spreads through contact with the blood of an infected person. Hep B and D can also be spread through contact with other body fluids that may be caused by sharing drug needles or having unprotected sex. These viruses can cause short-term and long-lasting infections, which can lead to complications such as cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.

Although it is possible to contract viral hepatitis without any symptoms, Common symptoms includeFever, tiredness, joint pain, nausea/vomiting, loss of appetite, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine or pale, clay-colored stools.

According to the WHA, there are several reasons for the halt of action.

This includes:

  • People with viral hepatitis who are unaware can’t wait to get tested
  • People living with this virus can’t wait for life-saving treatment
  • Pregnant mother can’t wait for hepatitis test and treatment
  • Newborns can’t wait for birth dose vaccination
  • People affected by hepatitis can’t wait to end stigma and discrimination
  • Community organizations can’t wait for more investment
  • Decision makers can’t wait and must act now to make hepatitis eradication a reality through political will and funding

Nutrition for Chronic Hepatitis

The goal of the hepatitis diet is to treat and reduce the stress on the liver. While a healthy dietary pattern is important for everyone, it should be a priority for the management of chronic hepatitis. Following a healthy diet can help manage the symptoms of hepatitis as well as help maintain liver function and optimum weight. To maintain energy, it is important to include enough calories each day depending on age, gender and activity level. Several principles of basic nutrition and healthy eating patterns should be considered. it includes Focus on foods like:

vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits provide the body with vitamins and minerals to support a healthy body. simultaneously, green leafy vegetables May reduce the composition of fatty acids in the liver. Vegetables and fruits also provide fiber that will keep one full and help reduce the desire for less healthy foods and nutrient-deficient treats.

cereal

This category includes foods such as bread, rice, pasta and oats. Focus on whole grains like whole wheat bread, brown rice, and whole wheat pasta instead of refined grains like white bread, white rice, or white pasta. Because too many carbohydrates can cause blood sugar disturbances, people with liver disease should discuss individual carbohydrate needs with their health care provider.

protein rich foods

Adequate protein can help people with chronic hepatitis avoid malnutrition and muscle wasting and may help repair body tissue. too much protein This should be avoided as it can lead to a condition known as encephalopathy due to the liver’s inability to filter toxins from the breakdown of these foods from the bloodstream. Researchers recommend 1.0–1.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. This category accommodates those with and without malnutrition. Lean sources of protein include chicken breast, turkey, fish, nonfat yogurt, eggs and beans.

healthy fats

Replace saturated and trans fats found in red meat and full-fat dairy products with “good fats,” which include polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats found in olive oil, walnuts, avocados and fatty fish such as salmon. All fats should be consumed in moderation. Healthy fats will help provide adequate calories, essential fatty acids, and support the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

Other foods that should be reduced or eliminated to support liver health include added sodium, added sugars, excess iron and alcohol.

conclusion

According to the World Hepatitis Day campaign guidelines, today is the day to raise awareness about viral hepatitis by communicating the urgent need for action!

Download Healthifyme App

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.