Nutritious diet is a major component for the treatment of any disease. It is important to follow proper dietary habits to maintain a healthy body. Additionally, quitting alcohol and smoking is important to speed up the recovery of various diseases.

Observation

According to the World Health Organization, there are 50,000-100,000 new fistula cases each year. Fistula is a rare medical condition in which two or more body parts are abnormally connected. Anal fistula is the most common type of fistula. It connects the anal canal to the opening of the skin around the anus. In most cases, a fistula is caused by accident or surgery. It can also develop due to infection or irritation. In addition, there are many anatomic areas where fistulas can develop. They can appear anywhere, such as between the vagina and rectum or between the intestine and the epidermis.

Symptoms

  • Nausea
  • burning in the external female genital organs
  • UTIs that recur
  • stomach ache
  • Vomiting
  • frequent vaginal discharge
  • Diarrhea

cause

It is commonly known that diverticular and Crohn’s disease can cause fistulas. Additionally, patients receiving radiation therapy are more likely to develop multiple fistulas.

Fistula Treatment:

Patients usually consult a colorectal surgeon, gynecologist or urologist for specialized assistance in healing the fistula. Based on the location, size and severity of the fistula, the doctor will select the appropriate course of action for treatment. Surgery may be necessary for extremely severe fistulas.

Fistula patients should consume plenty of water and include fiber-rich foods in their daily diet. Most patients with fistulas require immediate medical care. Fistula can be prevented with early detection and nutritious diet. The type of fistula, its stage and the body’s metabolism will affect how much, how often and how strictly the diet should be followed. fistula diet Cereals or other breakfast items include a variety of foods such as broken wheat, quinoa, brown rice, ragi and oatmeal.

Diet after fistula surgery

Diet is an important component in fistula treatment. A proper and nutritious diet can treat fistula in its early stages. The size and integrity of the diet will depend on the type and location of the fistula.

1. Pulses:

Include moong dal, chickpeas, masoor dal and soybean fistula patient diet, Pulses are rich in fiber and protein. Hence, it aids in maintaining a healthy digestive system. Plus, the high fiber content keeps you full for a very long time.

2. Coconut:

Coconuts are rich in fiber and thicken stools to promote regular bowel movements. Coconut meat, on the other hand, is rich in medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs), a form of saturated fat that the body can digest far faster than animal fats, protecting the health of the digestive tract.

3. Leafy Vegetables:

leafy vegetable

Kale, lettuce, cabbage, spinach, and bok choy can be a great addition to a fistula diet, Leafy vegetables are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients. Plus, they aid in easier digestion and elimination, making you feel full for more extended periods.

4. Brown Rice:

Brown rice

Brown rice has an unpolished outer layer that maintains its high fiber content. As a result, it reduces the chances of constipation. In addition, it promotes a smooth bowel movement, which benefits people suffering from anal fistulas.

5. Fish:

fish

Marine fish such as salmon, mackerel and tuna are good sources of omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and Doha). Omega-3 fatty acids should be part of fistula diet, These fatty acids are essential for maintaining normal bowel function. For example, they can help lubricate the gastrointestinal system and maintain a regular flow of stool.

6. Cereals:

cereal

Broken wheat, quinoa, brown rice, ragi and oatmeal are the main cereals. Fistula diet. Cereals contain a lot of fiber. Hence, it helps the body to function at its optimum. It promotes healthy digestion and eases the passage of stool, reducing stress and discomfort.

7. Fruits:

fruit

Fruits with high fiber content include pears, apples, avocados and bananas. It reduces the chances of anal fistula flare-up, pain and swelling. A variety of fruits should be part of your routine Diet,

8. Yogurt and Skim Milk:

yogurt and skim milk

These are healthy dairy alternatives for fistula patients. Yogurt is beneficial because it contains “probiotics” or good bacteria. It helps restore a healthy balance of germs in your digestive system. As a result, it encourages better digestion, resulting in a smoother bowel movement with less discomfort or irritation.

A diet rich in fiber promotes speedy recovery in patients with fistula. obey dietary restrictions Strictly enteral nutrition, parenteral nutrients, electrolytes and fluids are required to get rid of fistula fistula diet, The chances of recovery are increased, and the risk of malnutrition is reduced with enteral nutrients. Parenteral nutrients help heal and rest while the body processes and digests food. Consumption of electrolytes and fluids will keep the body hydrated and give strength to fight disease.

1. Monday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 1/2 cup oats in 1 glass of milk
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 6-7 strawberries
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 4 chapattis + 100 g fish (tuna/sardines/salmon/mackerel with a little olive oil) – grilled/ stewed + 1/2 cup rajma curry
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup boiled chickpea sprouts with tomato, onion and coriander
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 multi grain rotis (jowar, bajra, wheat) / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup gourd curry + 1 glass buttermilk

2. Tuesday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 3 dosas (ragi + wheat) + 1/2 cup sambhar + 1 tsp fenugreek chutney + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM number 20 green grapes
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 1 cup brown rice + 2 jowar roti + 1/2 cup tomato dal + 1/2 cup cluster beans curry + 1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1 small handful peanuts, raisins, almonds, walnuts + 1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 roti / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup bhindi curry + 1 glass buttermilk

3. Wednesday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am Roasted whole wheat bread (3-4 slices) with butter + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 1 banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 4 bajra roti+1/2 cup bottle gourd dal+1/2 cup green peas and capsicum curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup stewed tuna and leek salad + 1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 multigrain rotis (bajra, oats, ragi) / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup gourd curry + 1 glass buttermilk

4. Thursday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 1.5 cup boiled lemon rice+2 tsp tomato chutney+1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 100 grams chopped cantaloupe
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup fenugreek dal+1/2 cup french beans vegetable+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup Beet, Carrot and Broccoli Salad with 1 tsp olive oil
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 roti / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup bitter gourd vegetable + 1 glass buttermilk

5. Friday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 2 Parathas (Potato / Cabbage / Fenugreek) with 2 tsp green chutney + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 1 apple
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 1 cup white rice + 2 chapatti + 100 g fish (tuna / sardine / salmon / mackerel) curry + 1/2 cup soya chunk and potato curry
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup Boiled Chana Sprouts with Tomatoes, Onion and Coriander
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 multi grain rotis (corn flour, wheat, oats) / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup gourd curry + 1 glass buttermilk

6. Saturday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 1 cup porridge upma with vegetables (carrot, tomato, green peas, onion, potato) + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 1 piece of watermelon
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 4 roti+1/2 cup spinach dal+1/2 cup bitter gourd curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup Green Onion, Carrot and Celery Salad
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 roti/1 cup boiled rice+1/2 cup cauliflower curry+1 glass buttermilk

7. Sunday Fistula Diet Chart

Time Meal
Breakfast (8:00-8:30)am 4 idlis+ 1/2 cup sambhar+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30) AM 1/2 cup pomegranate seeds
Lunch (2:00-2:30) PM 1 cup brown rice+2 roti+1/2 cup cabbage dal+1/2 cup capsicum curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30)Evening 1/2 cup steamed broccoli and cauliflower salad with black pepper powder and 1 tsp olive oil
Dinner (8:00-8:30) p.m. 3 roti / 1 cup boiled rice + 1/2 cup gourd curry + 1 glass buttermilk

foods to avoid

foods to avoid

A digestive disorder such as a fistula can cause symptoms such as indigestion, constipation, bloating, diarrhea, or more serious consequences. Therefore, your doctor will always advise you to adjust your Diet If you have gastrointestinal conditions or diseases like fistula.

People suffering from fistula should strictly foods to avoid which cause diseases. It is important to consume nutrients that accelerate the healing of fistulas. Avoiding food that can worsen your condition is even more important. Following is a list of food to avoid For patients with fistula:

Food items in the package: It is best to avoid or consume prepackaged foods such as frozen meals and chips in moderation. They have hardly any nutritional value, which perishes when frozen.

Liquor: Dehydration can make stool passage more challenging. Alcohol has a significant dehydrating effect on the body. Consuming excessive amounts of alcohol can be problematic for people suffering from fistulas.

Spicy Food: Indian cuisine often uses hot, difficult-to-digest pastes and curries. Try to eat simple, non-spicy homemade food that can be prepared properly. Also, if you have an anal fistula, you should not eat anything spicy that makes your stomach uncomfortable.

Salty Foods: Constipation can make excretion difficult. Salty food makes you feel bloated. This can irritate your stomach and lead to irritable bowel syndrome.

Milk Products: Since they are more challenging to digest due to the high fat content in them, it can result in stomach problems. Avoid double-fat milk, cheese and other heavy milk and cream products.

fast food: Without a doubt, fast food or junk food has a mouth-watering taste. Fistula patients should stay away from street food vendors. The food may be delicious, but it may be low in nutritional value. Fast food or junk food contains all kinds of flour or “maida”. This should be limited until the fistula symptoms subside.

fried food: Avoid fried food if you have an anal fistula. Its nutritional value is low. In addition, it is unhealthy and difficult to digest.

red meat: The fact is that red meat is difficult to digest. Due to its shallow fiber content, digestion requires a lot of effort from the stomach. Also, it does not add bulk to the stool. Therefore, avoid the surplus of red meat fried in oil and spices.

Caffeinated drinks: While strong drinks such as black coffee or heavy milk tea are undoubtedly delicious, avoid them while you are recovering from a fistula.

summary

Most fistulas are caused by abscesses, trauma, surgery, or infection. The most prominent symptoms of fistula are pain, fever and itching. In addition to surgery and medications such as antibiotics and immunosuppressants, Diet Plays an important role in healing fistula. Also, eat your meals on time. Stay away from big meals. Drink enough water. You can fight fistula with timely intervention, surgery, medicines and lead a healthy life with a nutritious food,

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