Sex, as important as the continuation of life, is considered taboo, especially in Indian culture. People shy away from the topic of sex and little is known about sexual health in the country. Because of that, the second week of September has been recognized as the World Sexual Health Week and thus we bring to you this article on sexual health of women.

According to the World Health Organization, a healthy sex life is much more than just the absence of sexual dysfunction. This means enjoying your physical, emotional, mental and social well-being when it comes to sex. It emphasizes a positive attitude towards sex with safety in mind, which is pleasurable in itself.

It is a common belief that the body’s physical desire for sex, induces sexual activity that leads to sexual arousal and then orgasm. However, this is not always the case, especially for women. Many factors together contribute to a woman’s arousal and desire for sex. Sexual health also means understanding your body and how it works. Women who understand their bodies can make better choices about their sex and personal lives. That being said, there are many misconceptions about sexual health, especially about women. Let’s rule out some of them.

Myths about female sexual health

Myth 1 – Douching is essential for vaginal hygiene

No way. Actually, doctors advise against it. Washing or rinsing the vagina with liquids such as vinegar to clean the vagina or remove odor disturbs its pH balance which can lead to many infections and diseases. These range from vaginal dryness and infection and pelvic inflammatory disease to cervical cancer and HIV.

Myth 2 – The “pull-out” or “withdrawal” method is safe for preventing pregnancy

The pull-out or ejection method is when the penis is ejected or ejected from the vagina before ejaculation. It is one of the most notorious causes of unwanted pregnancies. First, accuracy cannot be relied upon given the heat of the moment. The second and most important thing is that it has been proven in a study That the ‘pre-cum’ released by the penis before ejaculation can contain sperm and make you pregnant.

Myth 3 – Unprotected sex during periods cannot lead to pregnancy

This is another notorious reason behind unwanted pregnancies. Realizing that the female body is unsuitable for a sperm to ovulate while she is on her period, many couples engage in unprotected sex. Although, Research This suggests that sperm can live inside a woman’s body for up to 5 days and even fertilize an egg after it is released at ovulation. It is more common in women with shorter menstrual cycles.

Myth 4 – Double condom equals double protection

Think of it as the wrong use of condoms. Using two condoms can actually increase your risk of pregnancy. This causes friction which can weaken the material and result in the condom tearing during intercourse.

Myth 5 – Condoms are only for men

Voila, ladies! Female condoms exist and are just as reliable as men’s. They serve the same purpose i.e. prevent semen from entering the vagina.

Fun fact: The female condom can be inserted into the vagina a few hours before intercourse and may not even be noticeable if used correctly.

Demands a healthy connection between sex organs, hormone-producing glands and the brain. Even if one of them is out of sync the whole experience feels compromised. Furthermore, sexual health is a complex topic that is influenced by many factors which we will talk about in our next section.

factors affecting sexual health

It is important to understand that sexual health is not a single aspect of one’s life, but is related to many aspects such as your mental and physical existence, your current state of mind, emotions and even your lifestyle. Your past experiences and relationships with your cultural beliefs can affect how you feel about sex. Furthermore, sexual satisfaction is a subjective term and can have different meanings and levels for each individual. Sexual response is, again, influenced by your feelings towards your partners and yourself.

Diet choices also play a role here. They control the production, release, and interaction of hormones, including the sex hormones, estrogen and testosterone. While some foods increase sex drive in women, some can have negative effects. according to a studyDaily consumption of an apple leads to better sexual health in young women. another study Suggested use of fenugreek to improve female sexual health.

Stress affects many aspects of your health, including your sex drive. research have established a direct link between stress and female sexual dissatisfaction. Thus, increased stress can have a negative effect on your sexual experience.

In short, what really matters is how you feel. If you feel happy and satisfied with your sex life, then it is healthy. But if sex bothers you or makes you anxious or sad then you probably have a sexual health problem that needs to be addressed. Persistent issues with ‘pleasure’ during sexual response are medically referred to as female dysfunction. This is a common disorder and can be easily corrected.

understanding sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction is a term used to define problems that occur continuously during the sexual response cycle. The sexual response cycle is a sequence of physical and emotional changes that occur when a person becomes sexually aroused and participates in sexually stimulating activities ranging from masturbation to orgasm. The sexual response cycle has four phases—desire, arousal, arousal, and resolution. Knowing how your body reacts during the phases of this cycle can enhance your experience and help you pinpoint the cause of sexual dysfunction.

About 30-40 percent of women are affected by sexual dysfunction. It can be temporary or chronic.

The most common problems related to female sexual dysfunction are:

  1. hypoactive sex desire disorder Low sex drive or lack of interest and desire to engage in sexual activities.
  1. anorgasmia Difficulty or inability to achieve orgasm even after adequate sexual stimulation or stimulation. It is often accompanied by negative emotions such as sadness, hopelessness, and anxiety.
  1. sexual arousal disorder Difficulty getting or staying aroused during sexual activity.
  1. Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder Difficulty or pain associated with sexual arousal or vaginal contact. It is further classified into two different disorders
    1. dyspareunia – pain during sex
    2. Vaginismus – muscle spasms that interfere with sex

There are various reasons behind these disorders. Let’s explore them.

female sexual dysfunction

  1. blood flow issues

Certain conditions can prevent proper blood flow to certain parts of the body, including the reproductive organs. The female reproductive organs such as the clitoris, labia, and vagina require increased blood flow for arousal and arousal.

  1. hormonal imbalance

An imbalance of sex hormones in the body can lead to vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy (thinning and drying of the vaginal wall). Such conditions cause burning, itching, spots and pain in and around the vagina, making it less pleasant for women. Pregnancy and menopause also cause changes in the body’s hormonal levels that affect the idea of ​​sex for women.

During and after menopause, estrogen levels fluctuate in the body, which directly affects a woman’s sexual desire. A sharp drop in estrogen can make it difficult for you to get aroused. In addition, many women experience discomfort or pain during sex after menopause. It is characterized by dryness of the vagina due to loss of normal secretion and lubrication, loss of elasticity and contraction of the vagina. Menopausal vaginal changes are generally more severe if intercourse (or other activities that involve vaginal penetration) is less frequent.

  1. gynecological conditions

Pain during sex can be caused by disorders like PCOS, endometriosis, uterine fibrosis etc. In addition, milestones such as childbirth can have a temporary effect on your sexual health.

Childbirth can lower your sex drive due to the physical fatigue caused by parenting in the early days. Low estrogen levels after delivery and minor injuries to the genital area or abdominal wall during labor can cause pain during sex. However, it should improve after a few days.

  1. mental health issues

Mental health issues such as depression affect your health in many ways, one of which may be a lack of interest in physical intimacy. It can also make you unable to enjoy the things you used to enjoy, including sex. Low self-esteem and hopelessness, driven by depression, also contribute to sexual dysfunction.

  1. Medicine

Low sex drive or delayed sexual response can also be side effects of various medications. Antidepressants are known to reduce libido. Other treatments such as chemotherapy also cause hormonal changes and can affect one’s attitude towards sex.

  1. other psychological issues

Underlying psychological issues such as past trauma, sexual abuse or relationship issues can cause fear and anxiety in some women and lead to sexual dysfunction.

treatment of sexual dysfunction

It is normal to experience sexual problems occasionally. However, if you are troubled by your sexual health or think you may be suffering from sexual dysfunction, it is best to consult your doctor for a medical diagnosis. The doctor will conduct a thorough evaluation of the physical and psychological factors associated with sex and recommend medication, corrective techniques or therapy, if necessary.

Remember that sexual dysfunction can be frustrating but there is nothing to be ashamed of or ashamed of. We understand that talking about your sexual needs and wants may not be easy, but it is best to let your partner know about them and reach them together.

healthy note

Sexual health is deeply intertwined with our physical and mental beings. Sexuality is a part of every woman’s life. Some women may choose to never be sexually active, but most find their sexual desire at some point in their lives. This is where accurate information about sexual health becomes important. You must be properly informed to know what is best for you. All of our bodies have the capacity to feel physical stimulation and pleasure. Remember that sexuality is one dimension of our ability to live passionately. Cutting it off can reduce our overall ability to accept and feel emotions.

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