For any healthy person, a diet high in potassium can be very beneficial, as it helps reduce the chances of developing high BP and kidney stones, experiencing fatigue and more energy and increasing bone density. helps to improve. But there are many, it is best to avoid them. For some conditions we need a . need to live on low potassium diet menuSuch as impaired kidney function, low adrenal function, being on a diuretic that promotes potassium retention in the body, and low levels of renin/aldosterone.
Our kidneys are responsible for controlling the potassium and sodium in our blood, but as the kidneys stop working normally or begin to fail, it is unable to excrete enough potassium. Therefore it is for such people; One low potassium diet menu It is recommended to prevent excessive build-up of potassium in the body.
What is a low potassium diet?
From beans to lentils to vegetables and fruits, potassium is present in many of the foods we eat regularly. Potassium is an important mineral we all need for proper muscle function, but too much potassium can be a potential danger for some. with low potassium dietWe benefit from the relatively small amount of potassium in our blood which is very useful for maintaining normal heart and muscle function.
a low potassium diet Helps us avoid all and any risks arising from high levels of potassium in our blood such as palpitations or irregular heartbeat, irritability, cramps, anxiety, slow and weak pulse, abdominal cramps, extreme tiredness, Experiencing various symptoms of diarrhea and even heartburn. Failure.
Potassium is a mineral that occurs in many common foods we eat. It is the job of our kidneys to maintain healthy levels of potassium in our bodies, but if our kidneys are not working well or are unhealthy, we will need to eat more. low potassium foods for kidney patients And restrict or avoid foods that can increase the level of potassium in our bloodstream.
Here are some low potassium vegetables for kidney patients:
Asparagus, Bean Sprouts, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Celery, Cherry Tomato, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Green Beans, Greens (collard, mustard, turnip), Kale, leeks, lettuce, mushrooms, okra, onions, peas (green, sugar snap, ice), Black pepper (green, red, yellow, jalapeo), Radish, Spinach, Squash (spaghetti, yellow), turnip, and water chestnut.
potassium content in low potassium vegetables These can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the soil and the conditions in which they are grown. However, in most cases, potassium levels are considered safe, and you should always try to include new vegetables from the list above. low potassium diet menu slowly and in small amounts. Most of these vegetables are low in calories, and you should eat them with other low-potassium foods.
low potassium fruits
Like vegetables, fruits are naturally low in potassium, however, some of the best low potassium fruits to live on low potassium diet menu Huh:
Apples, blueberries, cherries, dried fruits (apples, blueberries, cherries, coconuts, cranberries), grapes, lychees, pears, persimmons, pineapples, plums, raspberries, strawberries, tangerines and watermelon.
Avoid foods rich in potassium
Like sodium and calcium, our body needs a lot of potassium to keep us healthy. It is an electrolyte, which means it contains small electrical charges that help activate our heart, kidneys, nerves, and muscles.
However, people with certain health conditions such as kidney and heart diseases need to eat or avoid eating foods high in potassium to ensure that excess potassium does not collect in their blood leading to health problems. some of the Avoid potassium rich foods while on one low potassium diet menu Huh:
Potatoes, yams and sweet potatoes, bananas, yogurt and other dairy products, legumes and beans such as lentils, kidney beans, and lima beans, oranges and orange juice, winter squash, spinach and leafy greens such as bok choy, beet greens, Swiss chard, and Fennel, salt and salt substitutes, avocado, tomato paste, bamboo shoots, chicken and beef, clams and tuna, and some sports drinks,
How to extract potassium from fruits and vegetables?
Leaching is a process that helps remove potassium from high-potassium vegetables before eating them. Leaching works best for vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, beets, carrots, and winter squash. The process includes:
- To prevent the vegetables from turning black, peel them and put them in cold water.
- Then chop the vegetables roughly.
- Wash the vegetables in hot water for a few seconds.
- Soak the vegetables in hot water for at least two hours. Use about ten times the amount of water. If you are soaking vegetables for a long time, make sure you change the water every four hours.
- Wash the vegetables again with warm water for a few seconds.
- Finally, cook the vegetables in water about five times the number of vegetables.
Always remember that the process of leeching vegetables will not remove all the potassium from the leeched vegetables. if you are strict low potassium diet menuOf course, you should still limit your consumption of high-potassium vegetables that contain leeches. Always check with a reputable dietitian for the amount of leech vegetables you can consume.
How Much Potassium Is Safe?
Measure potassium levels if your:
- You are between 3.5 and 5.0 Safe,
- Between 5.1 to 6.0, you should be Precaution,
- If greater than 6.0, you are in hazard,
In general, women should take 2600 milligrams and men 3400 milligrams of potassium a day. But if you suffer from kidney disease, your needs may be different. You should normally consume less potassium than specified. If you have kidney failure, excess potassium can remain in the blood causing nerve and muscle problems.
Snacks Low in Potassium
Renal patients are often prescribed a low potassium diet menu, Consuming too much potassium along with kidney problems can lead to irregular heartbeat which can further lead to sudden heart failure. here are some Snacks Low in Potassium that you can always chew Low potassium diet menu.
- popcornAir Popper Popcorn is low in potassium and fat. But, avoid popcorn filled with oil or butter.
- chips and crackersChips and crackers are often low in potassium, but look for those that are also low in fat. Look for baked chips and crackers instead of fried ones.
- dry grain: Unsweetened – Whole grain cereals are a great option. Eat your cereal with dried berries. Avoid granola and bran cereals — they’re very high in potassium.
- fruits and vegetablesFruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are the best option for low-fat, low-potassium snacking at any time. When consuming fruits, avoid the consumption of bananas, tomatoes, melons and citrus fruits. These fruits are high in potassium. For vegetables, you should consume low-potassium veggies like cucumbers, radishes, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots and corn.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
If your potassium levels are high, you need to keep them in the normal range to avoid health complications. You can do this by:
Following a low potassium diet menu.
Avoid consuming any salt substitute.
Zero selection for herbal remedies and supplements.
By taking water pills, also known as potassium binders.
Follow your diet and treatment plan carefully as directed by your dietitian and doctor.
Here are some of the best ways to lower the level of potassium in your blood:
Replace potatoes with other starchy foods such as white rice, white bread and pasta.
Eat low-potassium fruits like apples, grapes and berries.
Drink more water than other fluids that may contain potassium.
Consume less coffee.
In addition to orange juice, drink other juices such as cranberry juice.
Avoid eating dishes with pumpkin.
Instead of eating sweet potatoes, yams and winter squash, eat yellow squash and zucchini.
In place of dark greens like spinach, beet greens, and Swiss chard, try iceberg or romaine lettuce.
Many foods that we consume regularly are high in potassium. Let’s look at these foods:
fruit: Bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, honeydew, apricots, and grapes.
Fruit Juices: Orange juice, tomato juice, grapefruit juice, apricot juice and prune juice.
vegetables: Spinach and broccoli (cooked), sweet potatoes, potatoes, mushrooms, peas, pumpkin, zucchini, and leafy greens.
Beans and Legumes: Soybeans, kidney beans, lima beans, pinto beans, and all pulses.
Fish: Tuna, Halibut, Trout, Mackerel and Cod.
Other food: Salt substitutes, meats, poultry, nuts, brown and wild rice, whole wheat bread, pasta, and bran and bran cereals.